India Ayurveda

• About Panchkarma
• Treatment of Panch.
• Principles of Panch.
• Panch. Therepy


• About Meditation
• Effects of Meditation
• Concepts of Meditation


• Diagnosis Process
• Ways of Diagnosis
• Examination Process


• Composition of Diet
• Diet Planning
• Ayurvedic Taste Pro.


• Introduction
• Body Types
• Bath
• Vata
• Pitta
• Kapha

Phylosophy of Ayurveda

There were many schools of Ayurveda. The surfacing of diverse schools of Sanskrit beliefs like Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Sankhya, Yoga, Vedanta and Mimamsa was another milestone in the history of Indian medicine. The principles explained in these philosophies facilitated the growth within Ayurveda of its theory of humoral pathology which propounds that the human body is composed of Tridoshas, the three humors – Vata, Pitta and Kapha. When these are in equilibrium they are called the Tridhatus. The body in which these three humors are in a state of equilibrium enjoys perfect health; their not being in balance cause ill health.
Disease management in Ayurveda
Ayurveda is deeply based on the use of herbs to treat an ill body. The codes of Ayurvedic pharmacology are essentially different from those of other systems of medicine, particularly evidence-based medicine. Most Ayurvedic medicines are prepared from herbs.

Shamana and Shodhana are the two concepts of disease management in Ayurveda. Shamana means lessening. Shamana methods alleviate the disease and its symptoms. Shodhana means purging and Shodhana methods aim at the eradication of the fundamental cause of disease.
Ayurvedic tastes
Who thought that taste of a medicine is so important? Ayurveda believes that the tastes of foods or herbs have precise physiological effects. Those tastes that change after digestion (Vipaka) are more powerful.

Sweet - Madhura
Sweet foods nourish, cool, moisten, oil, and increase weight
Sour - Amla
Sour foods warm, oil, and increase weight
Salty - Lavan
Salty foods warm, dissolve, stimulate, soften, oil, and increase weight
Bitter - Katu
Bitter foods cool, dry, purify and decrease weight
Pungent - Tikta
Pungent foods warm, dry, stimulate, and decrease weight
Astringent - Kasaya
Astringent foods cool, dry, reduce stickiness.
Medications
To treat physiological it is better to seek refuge in the lap of Mother Nature. Ayurveda does just that and a little bit more….
It operates on the principle that a range of materials of vegetable, animal, and mineral origin has several medicinal values. The medicinal assets of these resources have been documented by the practitioners and have been used for centuries to treat illness and sustain good health. Medicines are made from herbs or mixtures of herbs, either unaided or in permutation with minerals, metals and other ingredients of animal origin. Individual processes purify the metals, animals and minerals before they are used for medicinal purposes.
Writers and compilers of Ayurvedic prose such as Charaka, Sushruta, Vagabhatta, Bhav Mishra, Shaligram and others have written about the traits, characteristics and medicinal uses of the herbs, mineral, metals, chemicals, animal parts, cooked food articles, natural foods, fruits etc. Among them, the Bhav Prakash Nighantu, written by Bhav Mishra is branded for its detailing. The composition of the Nighantu part (Ayurvedic Materia Medica) of the Bhav Prakash is part of the classical book. The details of the medicinal herbs are specified according to the nature, effects, and curative properties as observed by the practitioners.
The languages used by authors to document Ayurvedic literature are many such as, Sanskrit, Hindi, Kannada, Tamil, Telugu and more recently, in English. The Shaligram Nighantu was written in Sanskrit. The Banaushadhi Chandrodaya was written in Hindi. The Indian Materia Medica was written in English.
Panchakarma and Ayurvedic Massage
But theories would have been incomplete without practical execution. There are techniques that Ayurveda follow to purge your body of toxins. One of them is Panchakarma (the five actions or modalities) that is a compilation of purification techniques that Ayurveda prescribes for a number of diseases and for intermittent purification. A course of Panchakarma classically includes a short-term nutritional prescription, massage, herbs, and might include purgatives, sweat baths, medicated enemas, and nasal cleansing.
Massaging is therapeutic. Ayurvedic massage is a type of cure for various age related and other common disorders. Some pros, which can be mentioned, are pain relief, improved circulation, stress relief, better sleep, flexibility, athletic performance and emotional benefits. Massage therapy can soothe pain, relax stiff muscles, and reduce the swelling that accompanies arthritis. Campaigners assert that, with ayurvedic massage, deep-rooted toxins in the joints and tissues are released and freed into the human system for purging through natural toxin-release processes. There are numerous unusual types of ayurvedic treatments such as panchakarma, marma massage and abhyangam. Ayurvedic massage is mainly well developed in Sri Lanka and the Indian state of Kerala.
Current Status
But like every good thing, Ayurveda had to go through hurdles and roadblocks on the way to become a recognized practice in the modern world. As early as the 20th century, Ayurvedic physicians started organizing themselves into professional associations and to uphold their case for national acknowledgment and funding. This began to become a reality after Indian independence in 1947.
Ayurveda is now a statutory, recognised medical system of health care like the other medical systems that exist in India. The Central Council of Indian Medicine {CCIM} governs and recommends policies for the research and development of the system. An Encyclopedia on Ayurveda - Ayushveda.com has been developed to endorse the knowledge of Ayurveda worldwide.
Their patients and the communities they worked in, with a minority gaining royal patronage traditionally supported Ayurvedic physicians. Under the centralised governmental systems established by the Mughals and subsequent British rule in India, many Ayurvedic physicians were paid small stipends by the state. But when the British government in India began to establish hospitals and organised statewide health-care institutions (which lead eventually to the Indian Medical Service), Ayurveda was not included. In the early 20th century, Ayurvedic physicians began to organize into professional associations and to promote their case for national recognition and funding. This began to become a reality after Indian independence in 1947. Today, Kerala is the state in India that promotes research and practices Ayurveda the most.
 There are many Ayurvedic centers (known as Vaidya shala in the local vernacular) all over Kerala. In India, Ayurvedic practitioners undergo 5 and 1/2 years of training as well as 1 year of internship in select Ayurveda Medical Schools wherein they earn the professional doctorate degree of Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery [B.A.M.S.]. A Bachelor's degree with a major in Science [Physics, Chemistry, Biology] and a minor in Sanskrit is desirable for candidates interested in taking up the course.
Select institutions like the Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, offer higher doctorates and postgraduate training such as MD [Ayurveda] that includes a 3-year residency and a dissertation similar to the MD/MS degrees in modern systems of medicine.
Ayurvedic Institutions and Practitioners
And after a long battle against roadblocks Ayurveda has finally come of age in the sub continent. And the examples of its spread is present everywhere.
Sample this: Ayurvedic practitioners have been appointed as Honorary Ayurvedic Physician to the President of India. Every year on the occasion of Dhanvantari jayanti, a prestigious Dhanvantari Award is conferred on a famous personality of Medical Sciences including Ayurveda. Kerala is the leading state in India that promotes research and practices of Ayurveda. This has been attributed to Kerala's well-established Ayurveda centers, Ayurveda pharmaceutical companies, and Ayurveda medical colleges. For example, there are many Ayurvedic centers (known as Vaidya shalas) all over Kerala. Besides Kerala, others also promoting Ayurveda are Gujarat, Maharastra, and Karnataka.
Safety Concerns
But like every good treatment there are a few things that you need to keep in mind regarding Ayurveda. There is evidence that using some ayurvedic medicine, especially those involving herbs, metals, minerals, or other materials involves potentially serious risks, including toxicity.
A study in the Journal of the American Medical Association found kind of high levels of toxic heavy metals such as lead, mercury and arsenic in almost 20% of Ayurvedic preparations that were made in South Asia for sale in America. The Journal found that, if taken according to the manufacturers' instructions, this 20% of remedies "could result in heavy metal intakes above published regulatory standards.”
Similar studies that have been taken in India have mostly confirmed these results. Some practitioners claimed, "heavy metals are integral to some formulations and have been used for centuries. There is no point of doing trials as they have been used safely and have mention in our ancient texts."
There is a method of detoxification applied to heavy metals and toxic herbs called samskaras, which is similar to the Chinese pao zhi although the Ayurvedic technique is more intricate and may engage prayers as well as physical pharmacy methods.

What you get  
      
Time to get down to business. When you visit India you will be introduced to the process of Ayurveda by meeting experts first. And when you are a bit settled down you will daily receive 2 1/2 hours of Ayurvedic treatments.
You will be in consultation with an Ayurvedic Practitioner after which you will be given a two person coordinated warm oil massage called Abhyanga, followed by an aromatherapy steam bath-Svedana, which detoxifies your lymphatic system and liver.
Then follows Shirodhara Imagine warm herbal oil flowing over the middle of your forehead. Nothing can be more relaxing than this. Shirodhara helps support the nervous system and is excellent to reduce fear, anxiety and worry.
The oils used are specific to your constitution of vata, pitta or kapha.
They carry the subtle healing essences of the herbs deep into the tissues of the body. Then you need to take a shower after which you will be served a light lunch. Even your lunch will be natural because people say that Ayurvedic Ki-tchari (organic beans, rice, vegetables and spices) is amazing for your body.
During treatments a Ki-tchari mono diet is recommended--it has a detoxifying effect and is easy to digest.

The treatment of disease can broadly be classified as:

   1. Shodhana therapy (Purification Treatment)
   2. Shamana therapy (Palliative Treatment)
   3. Pathya Vyavastha (Prescription of diet and activity)
   4. Nidan Parivarjan (Avoidance of disease causing and aggravating factors)
   5. Satvavajaya (Psychotherapy)
   6. Rasayana therapy (use of immunomodulators and rejuvenation medicines)

(a) Shodhana treatment aims at removal of the causative factors of somatic and psychosomatic diseases. The process involves internal and external purification. The usual practices involved are Panchakarma (medically induced Emesis, Purgation, Oil Enema, Decoction enema and Nasal administration of medicines), Pre-Panchakarma procedures (external and internal oleation and induced sweating).
Panchakarma treatment focuses on metabolic management. It provides needed purificatory effect, besides conferring therapeutic benefits. This treatment is especially helpful in neurological disorders, musculo-skeletal disease conditions, certain vascular or neuro-vascular states, respiratory diseases, and metabolic and degenerative disorders.

(b) Shamana therapy involves suppression of vitiated humours (doshas). The process by which disturbed humor subsides or returns to normal without creating imbalance of other humours is known as Shamana. This treatment is achieved by use of appetizers, digestives, exercise and exposure to sun, fresh air etc. In this form of treatment, palliatives and sedatives are used.

(c) Pathya Vyavastha comprises indications and contraindications in respect of diet, activity, habits and emotional status. This is done with a view to enhance the effects of therapeutic measures and to impede the pathogenetic processes. Emphasis on do’s and don’ts of diet etc is laid with the aim to stimulate warmth and optimize digestion and assimilation of food in order to ensure strength of tissues.

(d) Nidan Parivarjan is to avoid the known disease causing factors in diet and lifestyle of the patient.It also encompasses the idea to refrain from precipitating or aggravating factors of the disease.

 

(e) Satvavajaya concerns mainly with the area of mental disturbances. This includes restraining the mind from desires for unwholesome objects and cultivation of courage, memory and concentration. The study of psychology and psychiatry has been developed extensively in Ayurveda and has wide range of approaches in the treatment of mental disorders.

(f) Rasayana therapy deals with promotion of strength and vitality. The integrity of body matrix, promotion of memory, intelligence, immunity against the disease, the preservation of youth, luster and complexion and maintenance of optimum strength of the body and senses are some of the positive benefits credited to this treatment. Prevention of premature bear and tear of body tissues and promotion of total health content of an individual are the roles that Rasayana therapy plays.  
 
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